Pediatric Echinococcosis Medication

Updated: Dec 21, 2020
  • Author: Germaine L Defendi, MD, MS, FAAP; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Medication

Medication Summary

Albendazole is considered the drug of choice in echinococcosis, although better alternatives are required. [18] Praziquantel should not be used because the drug may aid alveolar hydatid growth.

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Anthelmintics

Class Summary

Parasite biochemical pathways are sufficiently different from the human host to allow selective interference by chemotherapeutic agents administered in relatively small doses.

Albendazole (Albenza)

Decreases ATP production in tapeworms, causing energy depletion, immobilization, and death. To avoid inflammatory response in CNS, patient must be started on anticonvulsants and high-dose glucocorticoids. Administer with food to increase absorption.

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