Pediatric Human Metapneumovirus Treatment & Management

Updated: May 02, 2018
  • Author: Joseph Domachowske, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Medical Care

Treatment of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) infection is supportive. Maintain hydration and provide supplemental oxygen if necessary. Supplemental oxygen may be required in patients with moderate-to-severe infection. In patients with respiratory failure, mechanical ventilation is necessary. Clinical trials of anti–human metapneumovirus monoclonal antibodies for the prevention of human metapneumovirus infection in high risk infants are planned but not yet open for enrollment.



Patients with severe bronchiolitis or pneumonia may require admission to an intensive care unit. Consultation with a pediatric infectious disease specialist or pulmonologist may also be necessary.