Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 19, 2019
  • Author: Donna J Fisher, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How common is pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in neonates and infants younger than 2 months?

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children aged 2 months to 2 years?

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children aged 2-6 years?

What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children older than 6 years and adolescents?

Which physical exam findings are associated with pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the AAP diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children aged 2-24 months?

How is a urine specimen collected from pediatric patients with suspected urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which lab studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When are imaging studies not indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When are renal and bladder ultrasonography studies indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the criteria for outpatient care in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is hospitalization indicated in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which antibiotics are used to treat pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) and how are they used?

How common is pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the types of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How are febrile infants evaluated for urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the symptoms of cystitis in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which types of abnormalities can be detected in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How does pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) develop?

What are common causes of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the genetic factors in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the risk factors for pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How does voiding dysfunction contribute to pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How does neonatal circumcision affect the risk of urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How common is pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How do sex and race affect the risk for pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the prognosis of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) and what are the potential complications?

Presentation

Which clinical findings should prompt an evaluation for pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which symptoms are associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) in neonates and infants younger than 2 months?

Which symptoms are associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) in children aged 2 months to 2 years?

Which symptoms are associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) in children aged 2-6 years?

Which symptoms are associated with urinary tract infection (UTI) in children older than 6 years and adolescents?

Which physical exam findings are associated with pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

DDX

What are the diagnostic considerations in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection?

Workup

What is the AAP criteria for a diagnosis of a pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How is urine collected in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the role of a urine dipstick test in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the role of urinalysis in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the role of blood studies in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How is renal function evaluated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When are imaging studies indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the management approach to febrile infants younger than 3 months with urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How is urine collected and analyzed in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

How does lab urinalysis compare to point-of-care urinalysis in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which imaging studies are indicated in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the risk factors for renal scarring in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) used in the workup of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the AAP guidelines on the use of antibacterial prophylaxis in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Treatment

When does prehospital care occur in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is outpatient care appropriate for pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the treatment and follow-up of acute pyelonephritis in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the AAP recommendations for treatment of infants and young children with a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is hospitalization indicated in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the treatment approach to febrile infants younger than 8 weeks with a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the AAP guidelines on antibiotic selection for the treatment of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What are the AAP guidelines for the follow-up of infants with a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

When is pyelonephritis considered complicated in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the treatment of a hospitalized child with complicated pyelonephritis in pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

What is the recommended treatment of cystitis and pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Is antibiotic prophylaxis effective for the treatment of recurrent pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Does circumcision help prevent pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Does cranberry juice help prevent pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which specialist consultations may be indicated in the treatment of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of pediatric urinary tract infection (UTI)?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics, Urinary are used in the treatment of Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Analgesics, Other are used in the treatment of Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection?