Growth Failure Questions & Answers

Updated: Jun 22, 2018
  • Author: Neslihan Gungor, MD; Chief Editor: Sasigarn A Bowden, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is growth failure?

What is the pathophysiology of growth failure?

What is the prevalence of growth failure in the US?

What is the global prevalence of growth failure?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with growth failure?

What are the racial predilections of growth failure?

What are the sexual predilections of growth failure?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic in growth failure?

How is height assessed during the physical exam for growth failure?

How is proportionality assessed during the physical exam for growth failure?

How is pubertal status assessed during the physical exam for growth failure?

Which syndromes with short stature should be considered in the physical exam of growth failure?

What causes growth failure?

What is the role of chronic disease and systemic disorders in the etiology of growth failure?

Which syndromes are associated with growth failure?

What is the role of target tissue defects to the etiology of growth failure?

What are endocrine causes of growth failure?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Growth Failure?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of growth failure?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of growth failure?

What is the role of growth hormone provocation testing in the workup of growth failure?

Treatment

How is growth failure treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with growth failure?

Guidelines

What are the Pediatric Endocrine Society guidelines on growth failure?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of growth failure?

Which medications in the drug class Aromatase Inhibitor are used in the treatment of Growth Failure?

Which medications in the drug class Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Analog are used in the treatment of Growth Failure?

Which medications in the drug class Insulinlike growth factor are used in the treatment of Growth Failure?

Which medications in the drug class Androgen are used in the treatment of Growth Failure?

Which medications in the drug class Growth Hormone are used in the treatment of Growth Failure?

Follow-up

What is included in the long-term monitoring of growth failure?

What is the prognosis of growth failure?

What is included in the patient education about growth failure?