Rectal Foreign Bodies Workup

Updated: Feb 03, 2022
  • Author: David W Munter, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Steven C Dronen, MD, FAAEM  more...
  • Print

Laboratory Studies

Laboratory studies generally do not add useful information in the acute presentation. A hematocrit may be useful if bleeding is present. A white blood cell (WBC) count with differential should be obtained when infection is suspected.

For patients who are operative candidates (eg, patients who show signs of peritonitis, sepsis, or perforation or who have rectal foreign bodies that cannot be removed in the emergency department), routine preoperative laboratory studies should be obtained.


Imaging Studies

A flat plate radiograph of the abdomen or pelvis is indicated. The foreign object can be identified and localized in most cases (see the images below). A lateral pelvic film sometimes gives additional information regarding the orientation of the foreign body, particularly whether its position is high- or low-lying. An upright chest radiograph is indicated if perforation is suspected. If concerns arise about perforation or abscess, computed tomography is indicated.

Rectal Foreign Bodies. Typical appearance of a vib Rectal Foreign Bodies. Typical appearance of a vibrator in the rectum.
Rectal Foreign Bodies. Vibrator in the rectum. The Rectal Foreign Bodies. Vibrator in the rectum. The patient attempted self-removal with a pair of salad tongs, which also became lodged, resulting in two rectal foreign bodies. Multiple attempts at self-removal are typical in patients with rectal foreign bodies.