Brown Recluse Spider Envenomation Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 14, 2021
  • Author: Thomas C Arnold, MD, FAAEM, FACMT; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is the prevalence of brown recluse spider envenomation?

Which clinical syndromes result from brown recluse spider envenomation?

What is the pathophysiology of brown recluse spider envenomation?

What causes dermonecrotic arachnidism?

What is the frequency of brown recluse spider envenomation in the US?

In which age groups is brown recluse spider envenomation most frequent?

What is the prognosis of brown recluse spider envenomation?

Where can patient education resources for brown recluse spider envenomation be found?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of brown recluse spider envenomation?

What are the symptoms of systemic loxoscelism due to brown recluse spider envenomation?

Which physical findings are characteristic of brown recluse spider envenomation?

What are potential complications of brown recluse spider envenomation?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Brown Recluse Spider Envenomation?

Workup

What is the role of lab studies in the workup of brown recluse spider envenomation?

What is the role of flow cytometry in the workup of brown recluse spider envenomation?

What is the role of debridement in the management of brown recluse spider envenomation?

Treatment

What is included in emergency department (ED) care for brown recluse spider envenomation?

When is inpatient care indicated for brown recluse spider envenomation?

Which specialist consultations are helpful in the treatment of brown recluse spider envenomation?

How is brown recluse spider envenomation prevented?

What is included in long-term monitoring following treatment for brown recluse spider envenomation?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of brown recluse spider envenomation?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Brown Recluse Spider Envenomation?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Brown Recluse Spider Envenomation?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Brown Recluse Spider Envenomation?