Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma Questions & Answers

Updated: May 12, 2021
  • Author: Erik D Schraga, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What is the pathophysiology of hypothyroidism?

What is the prevalence of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma in the US?

What is the global prevalence of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What are the racial predilections of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What are the sexual predilections of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism?

Which physical findings are characteristic of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What causes hypothyroidism?

What causes myxedema coma?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

Which core temperatures are characteristic of myxedema coma?

What is the role of EKG in the workup of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

Treatment

What is included in prehospital care of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

How is myxedema coma treated?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma?

Which medications in the drug class Thyroid products are used in the treatment of Hypothyroidism and Myxedema Coma?

Follow-up

What is included in the inpatient care of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What are the possible complications of hypothyroidism?

What is the prognosis of hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?

What is included in patient education about hypothyroidism and myxedema coma?