Urethral Cancer Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 13, 2021
  • Author: Shahrokh F Shariat, MD; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the anatomy of the urethra relevant to primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the pathophysiology of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What causes primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the prevalence of primary urethral cancer (PUC) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the prognosis of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is included in the physical exam to evaluate primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of MRI in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role imaging in primary urethral cancer (PUC) staging?

What is the role of IVU in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of retrograde urethrography and voiding cystourethrography in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of PET scanning in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of cystoscopy in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of biopsy in the workup of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of primary urethral cancer (PUC) in men?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of primary urethral cancer (PUC) in women?

How is primary urethral cancer (PUC) staged?

What are the AJCC prognostic groups for primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the histologic grading for primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Treatment

How is primary urethral cancer (PUC) treated?

Which factor affect treatment selection for primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of radiation therapy in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of chemotherapy in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of local excision in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of partial penectomy in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of total penectomy in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is the role of en bloc resection in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is included in postoperative care following surgery for primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

When is physical therapy indicated in the treatment of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What are the possible complications of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

Guidelines

Which organizations have issued guidelines on primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What are the diagnostic guidelines for primary urethral cancer (PUC)?

What are the treatment guidelines for primary urethral cancer (PUC)?