Brachial Neuritis Follow-up

Updated: Oct 19, 2021
  • Author: Nigel L Ashworth, MBChB, MSc, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Milton J Klein, DO, MBA  more...
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Further Outpatient Care

The treatment of brachial neuritis (BN) usually is completed conservatively on an outpatient basis. Surgical intervention is indicated for patients who do not demonstrate good recovery after 2 years of conservative care. Please refer to the Rehabilitation Program section for a discussion of outpatient rehabilitation and treatment options for individuals with BN.



Shoulder joint contractures (and potentially others) can occur. Sudden, severe dyspnea due to phrenic nerve involvement may be noted with or without other symptoms of brachial neuritis; [26] however, there should be no other evidence of lung disease.



Eighty percent of patients with brachial neuritis recover functionally within 2 years; 90% recover functionally within 3 years. [12]  A study by Feinberg et al found that at a mean period of 1 year, 31% of affected nerves in the study (or 52.9% of those in patients followed up for a full year) with Parsonage-Turner syndrome (acute brachial neuritis) had achieved complete electrodiagnostic recovery. [47]

Bilateral disease has a less favorable outcome than does unilateral disease, while lower trunk lesions have a less favorable prognosis than do upper trunk lesions.

The rate of recurrence in the inherited form is approximately 75%. The recurrence in the idiopathic form is thought to be between 5% and 26%. [48]