Sedative, Hypnotic, Anxiolytic Use Disorders Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Feb 10, 2017
  • Author: Stephen P Erlach, JD, MD; Chief Editor: Randon S Welton, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Other diagnoses to consider include the following:

  • Sedative/hypnotic/anxiolytic withdrawal syndromes
  • Delirium tremens and other alcohol-related syndromes
  • Other substance withdrawal (amphetamines, cocaine)
  • Anticholinergic or sympathomimetic drug overdoses, including atropine/scopolamine
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Mood disorders
  • Schizophrenia
  • Seizure disorders
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Sedative/hypnotic/anxiolytic toxicity syndromes
  • Other substance intoxication (ethanol intoxication, gamma hydroxybutyrate [GHB])
  • Electrolyte, metabolic, or endocrine derangements, including changes in potassium or calcium levels
  • Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
  • Encephalitis/meningitis
  • CNS structural or degenerative disorders
  • Cerebellar disease
  • CNS vasculitic disorders
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning

Differential Diagnoses