Granulosa-Theca Cell Tumors Follow-up

Updated: Aug 20, 2021
  • Author: David C Starks, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Leslie M Randall, MD, MAS, FACS  more...
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Follow-up

Further Outpatient Care

Follow-up should occur at 2- to 3-month intervals for the first 2 years for patients not undergoing chemotherapy. Then, this can be spaced out to every 4-6 months for the next 3 years, then yearly thereafter.

A history should be obtained and pelvic examination should be performed at each visit. Also, serum determination of tumor markers (ie, inhibin levels) should be performed if these were elevated preoperatively or immediately postoperatively.

If any evidence of recurrence arises during follow-up, imaging studies, usually an abdominopelvic CT scan should be performed to look for recurrent tumors. Most recurrences are confined to the abdomen and pelvis. Other imaging studies may be ordered as dictated by physical examination findings.

Long-term follow-up is required in all patients with GCTs because at least 50% of recurrences are found more than 5 years after initial treatment. [34]

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Inpatient and Outpatient Medications

Antiemetics

Ondansetron, granisetron, metoclopramide, and prochlorperazine can be used to treat or prevent emesis in an inpatient or outpatient setting. Note that some chemotherapeutic agents (eg, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide) cause a delayed emesis (>24 h after chemotherapy).

The adult dose of metoclopramide is 30-40 mg PO bid or 10 mg qid for 3 days. The pediatric dose is 10-20 mg PO bid for 3 days.

The adult dose of prochlorperazine is 5-10 mg PO q6-8h or 25 mg PR bid. The pediatric dose is 0.1-0.15 mg/kg PO q6-8h or 0.2-0.3 mg/kg PR bid.

Note that metoclopramide and prochlorperazine may cause sedation and dystonic reactions.

Hematopoietic growth factors

A host of growth factors now can be given in place of antibiotics and transfusion of blood products to treat severe chemotherapy-induced or radiation-induced bone marrow suppression.

Available agents include granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (neutrophil-specific), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (neutrophil-, eosinophil-, and monocyte-specific), and erythropoietin (red cell–specific). Indications for each are patient-dependent.

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Transfer

Patients admitted with nonspecific complaints who are found later to have a pelvic mass and/or other signs of malignancy (ie, ascites, elevated tumor marker levels, outward signs of abnormal sex hormone production) should be transferred for operative and postoperative management by a trained gynecologic oncologist if one is not available at the current facility. Otherwise, consultation generally can be performed on an outpatient basis, preferably preoperatively in women with pelvic masses.

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