Ovarian Dysgerminomas Questions & Answers

Updated: Jan 23, 2020
  • Author: Chad M Michener, MD; Chief Editor: Warner K Huh, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the pathophysiology of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What causes ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the prevalence of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the racial predilections of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the sexual predilections of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the survival rates for ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is included in patient education about ovarian dysgerminomas?

Presentation

What are the signs and symptoms of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which physical findings are characteristic of ovarian dysgerminomas?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the differential diagnoses for Ovarian Dysgerminomas?

Workup

Why are pregnancy tests and tests for sexually transmitted diseases performed in the initial workup of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which lab tests are included in the standard workup of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the tumor markers for ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the role of nuclear protein in the testis (NUT) immunostaining in the workup of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of ovarian dysgerminomas?

How are ovarian dysgerminomas diagnosed?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of ovarian dysgerminomas?

How are ovarian dysgerminomas staged?

Treatment

How are ovarian dysgerminomas treated?

How are stage Ia ovarian dysgerminomas treated?

What is the effect on fertility following chemotherapy to treat ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which adjuvant chemotherapy regimens are used in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the BEP protocol for the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which antiemetics may be used in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the role of radiation therapy in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

When is patient transfer needed for the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the role of lymphadenectomy in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

How is fertility preserved in women treated for ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas in women who have completed childbearing?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of metastatic ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the NCCN guidelines for treatment presumed stage Ia ovarian dysgerminomas?

What is the role of laparoscopy in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

When is antibiotic bowel preparation needed prior to surgery for ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the ACOG guidelines on second-look surgery for ovarian dysgerminomas?

How are ovarian dysgerminomas treated during pregnancy?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

What are the possible complications of ovarian dysgerminomas?

How are ovarian dysgerminomas treated in patients with karyotypic abnormalities?

How are ovarian dysgerminomas prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of ovarian dysgerminomas?

Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastic Agents are used in the treatment of Ovarian Dysgerminomas?