Medullary Sponge Kidney Questions & Answers

Updated: Aug 11, 2020
  • Author: Amit K Ghosh, MD, DM, FACP, MBA; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is medullary sponge kidney?

What are the possible complications of medullary sponge kidney?

What is the pathophysiology of medullary sponge kidney?

What causes medullary sponge kidney?

What is the prevalence of medullary sponge kidney?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of medullary sponge kidney?

What is the prognosis for medullary sponge kidney?

What is included in patient education about medullary sponge kidney?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of medullary sponge kidney?

Which congenital abnormalities are associated with medullary sponge kidney?

Which physical exam findings are characteristic of medullary sponge kidney?

Workup

How is medullary sponge kidney diagnosed?

How is medullary sponge kidney managed in children?

When is a consultation with a urologist beneficial to patients with medullary sponge kidney?

Which comorbidities should be considered in patients with medullary sponge kidney and hematuria?

What is the role of a 24-hour urine collection in the workup for medullary sponge kidney?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of symptomatic medullary sponge kidney?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup for medullary sponge kidney?

What is the role of urography in the workup for medullary sponge kidney?

What is the role of CT scanning in the workup for medullary sponge kidney?

What are the roles of plain radiography and ultrasound in the workup of medullary sponge kidney?

Treatment

How should asymptomatic adults with medullary sponge kidney be monitored?

How should asymptomatic children with medullary sponge kidney be monitored?

How is recurrent nephrolithiasis treated in patients with medullary sponge kidney?

How is distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA) treated in patients with medullary sponge kidney?

How are urinary tract infections (UTIs) treated in patients with medullary sponge kidney?

How are kidney stones prevented in patients with medullary sponge kidney?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of medullary sponge kidney?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with medullary sponge kidney?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of medullary sponge kidney?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of medullary sponge kidney?

Which medications in the drug class Urinary Alkalinizing Agents are used in the treatment of Medullary Sponge Kidney?

Which medications in the drug class Diuretics are used in the treatment of Medullary Sponge Kidney?