Group D Streptococcus (GDS) Infections (Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus gallolyticus) Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 02, 2021
  • Author: Shirin A Mazumder, MD, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the pathophysiology of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the prevalence of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections in the US?

What is the global prevalence of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the morbidity associated with group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the mortality associated with group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What are the racial predilections of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What are the sexual predilections of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

Which age groups have the highest prevalence of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

Presentation

Which medical conditions are associated with group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What are the signs and symptoms of group D streptococcal endocarditis?

What are the signs and symptoms of group D streptococcal bacteremia?

Which physical findings are characteristic of group D streptococcal bacteremia?

Which group D streptococci (GDS) infect humans?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Group D Streptococcus (GDS) Infections (Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus gallolyticus)?

Workup

Which lab tests are performed in the diagnosis of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the role of echocardiography in the evaluation of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the role of colonoscopy in the evaluation of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the role of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in the evaluation of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the role of liver ultrasonography and CT scanning in the evaluation of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

When is MIC testing indicated in the management of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

Treatment

How are group D streptococcus (GDS) infections treated?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial for patients with group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

Medications

What is the goal of drug treatment for group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Group D Streptococcus (GDS) Infections (Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus gallolyticus)?

Follow-up

What is included in long-term monitoring of patients with group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is included in the inpatient care of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What are possible complications of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?

What is the prognosis of group D streptococcus (GDS) infections?