Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD) Questions & Answers

Updated: Feb 12, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

What are the signs and symptoms of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which neurological conditions are associated with hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

How is hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) diagnosed?

How is hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) managed?

What is hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

What is coxsackievirus?

What is the pathogenesis of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

At what time of the year are hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) epidemics most likely to occur?

What are the risk factors for developing hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

How long does hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) normally last?

What are common complications of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which etiologic factor increases the risk of neurological involvement in hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which complications are more likely to occur with hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus 71 (EV-71)?

Is hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) more common in males or females?

Which age groups are most affected by hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Presentation

What is the incubation period for hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which physical findings suggest hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

What are atypical physical findings of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which viruses cause hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

DDX

Which disorders should be included in the differential diagnoses of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

What are the differential diagnoses for Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD)?

Workup

How is hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) diagnosed?

Treatment

What is the treatment for hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Are there any treatment options for enterovirus-associated hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Is there a vaccine available to help prevent the spread of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) in humans?

Medications

What is the goal of pharmacotherapy for hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Which medications in the drug class Antipyretics/analgesics are used in the treatment of Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD)?

Which medications in the drug class Topical anesthetics are used in the treatment of Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD)?

Which medications in the drug class Antihistamines are used in the treatment of Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease (HFMD)?

Follow-up

What is the standard outpatient care for hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

When is hospitalization indicated in the treatment of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

What are possible complications of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?

What is the prognosis of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD)?