Filariasis Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jun 21, 2018
  • Author: Brian F Lich, MD, DTM&H, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
  • Print

Diagnostic Considerations

Differentials in the diagnosis of filariasis include the following:

  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
  • Systemic vasculitis
  • Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia
  • Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome
  • Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

Lymphatic filariasis

Differential diagnoses of lymphatic filariasis include the following: [40]

  • Bacterial or fungal lymphadenitis - Sporotrichosis resulting from Sporothrix schenckii infection
  • Recurrent streptococcal lymphadenitis
  • Congenital or hereditary lymphedema - Milroy syndrome
  • Nonfilarial elephantiasis
  • Congenital hydrocele
  • Epididymal cysts
  • Carcinoma of the testis and/or scrotum
  • Lymphosarcoma

Occult filariasis

Differential diagnoses of occult filariasis include the following:

  • Asthma
  • Septic arthritis
  • Bacterial breast abscess
  • Idiopathic or poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis


Other differential diagnoses of filariasis include the following:

  • Onchocerciasis - Vitiligo, trachoma, lepromatous leprosy
  • Loiasis - Hereditary and/or localized idiopathic angioedema

Differential Diagnoses