Ebola Virus Infection Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jan 14, 2021
  • Author: John W King, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Ebola hemorrhagic fever should be considered in patients who have recently traveled to areas where Ebola has been reported or in patients who have been exposed to known cases and who exhibit signs and symptoms consistent with Ebola virus infection.

A main concern in dealing with Ebola virus infections is the potential for human-to-human spread of virus before the correct diagnosis is made. This risk includes all medical personnel in direct contact with the patient, the patient’s blood, or other body fluids or tissues. Family members who care for patients or who are involved in burial ceremonies and come into contact with the body, blood, or other body fluids are also at high risk for Ebola virus infection.

In addition to the conditions listed in the differential diagnosis, other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Acute surgical abdomen (as distinct from abdominal signs of Ebola hemorrhagic fever)

  • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

  • Marburg hemorrhagic fever

  • Other hemorrhagic fevers

Differential Diagnoses