HIV Prophylaxis in Sexual Assault Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 08, 2021
  • Author: Derek T Larson, DO; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What are the guidelines on HIV prophylaxis following sexual assault?

When is HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) indicated?

How is a significant exposure to HIV defined?

What are the substantial risk fluids of HIV exposure?

What are the negligible risk fluids of HIV exposure?

When is HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) administered following a sexual assault?

What are contraindications for HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)?

What is the focus of the initial lab tests prior to HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)?

When is HIV testing performed following a sexual assault?

What is the role of hepatitis B testing in the workup of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)?

Which STIs tests should be performed in the workup of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)?

What are the baseline lab tests for HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) medications?

What source testing is performed in the workup of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)?

What is the efficacy of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)?

What are the CDC guidelines for the evaluation of STIs following sexual assault?

Which medications are administered to prevent STIs following a sexual assault?

What are the CDC recommendations for preexposure HIV prophylaxis (PrEP)?

Periprocedural Care

What is included in patient education about HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) following a sexual assault?

Where are additional resources for HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) and sexual assault found?

Where can assistance with HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)-related decisions be obtained?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) following a sexual assault?

Medications

What are HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens for children aged 4 week to < 2 years?

What are the HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens?

What are the HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens for patients older than 13 years with normal renal function?

What are the HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens for patients older than 13 years with chronic kidney disease?

What are the HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens during pregnancy?

What are the HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens for children aged 2-12 years?

What are the HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens for children aged birth to 27 days?