Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions Follow-up

Updated: Aug 11, 2020
  • Author: Becky Buelow, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Avoidance of the allergen is the best method of prevention, but this is not always possible (e.g., avoiding insect stings). For this reason, patients should always have their rescue medications with them (e.g., EpiPen, albuterol MDI). Allergen-specific immunotherapy is known to be disease modifying for aeroallergens and stinging insect venom.


Patient Education

Patients with a known inciting agent should be advised in avoidance techniques, including immunologic cross-reactivity as is encountered in latex allergies.

Patients must be educated in the proper use of their maintenance and rescue medications.

For patient education resources, see the Allergic Reaction and Anaphylactic Shock Center and Skin, Hair, and Nails Center, as well as Severe Allergic Reaction (Anaphylactic Shock) and Hives and Angioedema.