Bocavirus Workup

Updated: Apr 25, 2018
  • Author: Pradeep Kumar Mada, MD, MRCP(UK); Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Laboratory Studies

Currently, testing methods for diagnosing human bocavirus (HBoV) have limited commercial availability.

Most studies have been PCR-based, and various assays are available. [33] The use of PCR on respiratory secretions, stool, and blood has been described. [6]

Noncommercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays have also been developed. [34, 25]

Electron microscopy can be performed on appropriate specimens (but not typically for clinical purposes). See image below.

Illustration of an electron micrograph of canine p Illustration of an electron micrograph of canine parvovirus, which is closely related to human bocavirus.

Imaging Studies

Chest radiography may be helpful.



In the immunocompromised host, bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage may be useful in obtaining a specimen for PCR. More important, however, would be the exclusion of treatable infections.