Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH) Questions & Answers

Updated: Oct 08, 2021
  • Author: Mark S Gans, MD; Chief Editor: Andrew G Lee, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

How is idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) characterized?

What are the signs and symptoms of increased ICP in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What are the signs and symptoms of papilledema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

How is idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) diagnosed?

Which medications are used in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

When is surgery indicated in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of repeated lumbar puncture (LP) in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of weight loss in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What are the diagnostic criteria for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the pathophysiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of the transverse dural venous sinus in the pathophysiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of arterial inflow in the pathophysiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the Bateman mathematical model for the pathogenesis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of obesity in the pathogenesis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of vitamin A in the pathogenesis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of hormones in the pathogenesis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of AQPs in the pathogenesis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the prevalence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in the US?

What is the global prevalence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the prognosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the prevalence of vision loss in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the reported incidence of vision impairment in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is included in patient education about idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What causes idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of exogenous substances in the etiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which systemic diseases are associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which disorders of cerebral venous drainage may cause idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of pregnancy in the etiology of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What are the endocrine risk factors of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What are the risk factors for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of elevated ICP in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of papilledema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is included in the neurologic exam to evaluate idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which visual acuity findings are characteristic of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

How is color vision assessed in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of formal visual field testing in the workup of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which visual findings are characteristic of CN palsies in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which fundus exam findings are characteristic of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What are the possible complications of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Workup

What is the role of blood tests in the workup of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of MRI and CT scanning in the workup of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of lumbar puncture (LP) in the workup of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Treatment

What are the treatment goals for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

How is vision loss treated in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

How does pregnancy affect idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of acetazolamide and furosemide in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of headache prophylaxis in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of corticosteroids in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of serial lumbar puncture in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of optic nerve sheath fenestration in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of CSF diversion in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of venous sinus stenting in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the efficacy of surgical interventions in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

What is the role of bariatric surgery in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which dietary and activity modifications are used in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

How is the frequency of follow-up visits to monitor idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) determined?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

How is idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) prevented?

Guidelines

What are the treatment guidelines for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Medications

Which medications are used in the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Antiepileptics are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Tricyclic Antidepressants are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Beta-Blockers are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Cardiovascular, Other are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Loop diuretics are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?

Which medications in the drug class Antiglaucoma, Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)?