Secondary Congenital Glaucoma Questions & Answers

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Inci Irak Dersu, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

Which ocular abnormalities are associated with secondary congenital glaucoma?

Which genetic syndromes and systemic congenital abnormalities are associated with secondary congenital glaucoma?

What is the pathophysiology of secondary congenital glaucoma?

What is the prevalence of secondary congenital glaucoma?

What is the mortality and morbidity associated with secondary congenital glaucoma?

What are the racial predilections for secondary congenital glaucoma?

What are the sexual predilections for secondary congenital glaucoma?

At what age does secondary congenital glaucoma typically present?

What is the prognosis for secondary congenital glaucoma?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Peters anomaly?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with phakomatoses?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with von Hippel-Lindau (retinal angiomatosis)?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with aniridia?

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with nanophthalmos?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with aniridia?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Peters anomaly?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen disease)?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (encephalofacial angiomatosis)?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with nanophthalmos?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with von Hippel-Lindau (retinal angiomatosis)?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Lowe syndrome (oculocerebrorenal syndrome)?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous?

Which ocular findings are characteristic of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with retinopathy of prematurity?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with aniridia?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Peters anomaly?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with neurofibromatosis (von Recklinghausen disease)?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (encephalofacial angiomatosis)?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with von Hippel-Lindau (retinal angiomatosis)?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Lowe syndrome (oculocerebrorenal syndrome)?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous?

What causes secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Stickler syndrome?

What are the possible complications of secondary congenital glaucoma?

What are the possible complications of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Sturge-Weber syndrome (encephalofacial angiomatosis)?

What are the possible complications of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with von Hippel-Lindau (retinal angiomatosis)?

DDX

What are the differential diagnoses for Secondary Congenital Glaucoma?

Workup

What is the role of lab testing in the workup for secondary congenital glaucoma?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup for secondary congenital glaucoma?

Which tests are performed in the diagnostic evaluation of secondary congenital glaucoma in patients with Peters anomaly?

What is the role of pachymetry in the workup for secondary congenital glaucoma?

Treatment

What are the first line treatments for secondary congenital glaucoma?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of secondary congenital glaucoma?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with secondary congenital glaucoma?

How are the complications of secondary congenital glaucoma prevented?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of secondary congenital glaucoma?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of secondary congenital glaucoma?

Which medications in the drug class Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors are used in the treatment of Secondary Congenital Glaucoma?

Which medications in the drug class Miotics are used in the treatment of Secondary Congenital Glaucoma?

Which medications in the drug class Prostaglandin F2-alpha analogs are used in the treatment of Secondary Congenital Glaucoma?

Which medications in the drug class Alpha2-adrenergic agonists are used in the treatment of Secondary Congenital Glaucoma?

Which medications in the drug class Beta-adrenergic blockers are used in the treatment of Secondary Congenital Glaucoma?