Epileptic and Epileptiform Encephalopathies Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jul 26, 2022
  • Author: Masanori Takeoka, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP, FANA  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

In any neurological disorder, determining the etiology is important, since specific etiologies may require specific treatments. Excluding an underlying structural or metabolic disorder is especially important when regression in intellectual or motor milestones has occurred. A thorough evaluation, including appropriate laboratory studies, neuroimaging, and consultations, should be performed as indicated by the history and examination.

Differential Diagnoses