Neurologic Complications of Organ Transplantation Follow-up

Updated: Apr 09, 2019
  • Author: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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Most transplant recipients with neurologic complications recover successfully, and the outcome is determined by the function of the allograft. Nevertheless, patients with anoxic encephalopathies, brain hemorrhage, and CNS infections frequently have very poor outcomes.

  • Fungal CNS infections have a high mortality rate in immunosuppressed transplant recipients (75%) and may be very difficult to treat. Timely diagnosis may improve outcome. Similarly, rare patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) also have very high mortality rates (>90%).

  • Patients with CIM/CIP may face prolonged recovery, but the outcome is determined by underlying medical condition and allograft status.


Patient Education

For excellent patient education resources, visit eMedicineHealth's Brain and Nervous System Center. Also, see eMedicineHealth's patient education articles Heart and Lung Transplant, Kidney Transplant, Liver Transplant, and Brain Infection.