Dermatologic Manifestations of Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jan 06, 2020
  • Author: Amira M Elbendary, MD, MBBCh, MSc; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
  • Print

Diagnostic Considerations

Other considerations include the following:

  • Rickettsial infections - Tick bite fever, epidemic typhus, and Q fever

  • Bacterial infections

  • Various septicemias - Meningococcal, staphylococcal, and streptococcal infections; typhoid; and plague

  • Leptospirosis, relapsing fever

  • Protozoal infection - Falciparum malaria and trypanosomiasis

  • Other viral infections - Hepatitis, Chikungunya, Sindbis, herpes, and influenza

  • Infectious mononucleosis

  • Other hemorrhagic fevers

  • Acute anemia

  • Acute leukemias, especially promyelocytic leukemia

  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation

  • Encephalitis

  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome

  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

  • Meningitis

  • Pleural effusion

  • Sepsis

Differential Diagnoses