Noncandidal Fungal Infections of the Mouth Clinical Presentation

Updated: Nov 23, 2022
  • Author: Manuel Valdebran, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Presentation

History

The following conditions may predispose individuals to infection. These conditions require an evaluation to determine whenever a deep fungal infection is established.

  • Drug use - Corticosteroids, cytotoxic agents, immunosuppressants (transplant patients)

  • Immunodeficiency - HIV infection, AIDS, others

  • Endocrinologic condition - Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis

  • Malignancy - Leukemia, lymphoma, others

  • Other conditions - Neutropenia, malnutrition, old age

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Complications

Complications can include the following:

  • Drug resistance

  • Drug interactions and adverse effects

  • Structural defects or loss of function (eg, resulting from fungal destruction of the maxilla, orbit, and/or cranial base)

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