X-Linked (Bruton) Agammaglobulinemia Questions & Answers

Updated: Mar 26, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Questions & Answers

Overview

What is X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What is the pathophysiology of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

How is X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) diagnosed?

What causes X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What is the prevalence of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What are the racial predilections of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What are the sexual predilections of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

At what age does X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) typically present?

What is the prognosis of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What is included in patient education about X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Presentation

Which clinical history findings are characteristic of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which physical findings are characteristic of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What are the possible complications of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

DDX

Which conditions are included in the differential diagnoses of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What are the differential diagnoses for X-Linked (Bruton) Agammaglobulinemia?

Workup

What is the role of lab tests in the workup of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What is the role of imaging studies in the workup of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What is the role of pulmonary function tests in the workup of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which invasive procedures may be used in the workup of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which histologic findings are characteristic of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Treatment

How is X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) treated?

When is inpatient care indicated for the treatment of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

What is the role of surgery in the treatment of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which specialist consultations are beneficial to patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which activity modifications are used in the treatment of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

How is X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) diagnosed prenatally?

What is included in the long-term monitoring of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Medications

What is the role of medications in the treatment of X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA)?

Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of X-Linked (Bruton) Agammaglobulinemia?

Which medications in the drug class Bronchodilators are used in the treatment of X-Linked (Bruton) Agammaglobulinemia?

Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of X-Linked (Bruton) Agammaglobulinemia?

Which medications in the drug class Immunoglobulins are used in the treatment of X-Linked (Bruton) Agammaglobulinemia?